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Mark Twain

Mark  Twain
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Краткая информация об авторе ПЕРСОНАЛЬНЫЙ САЙТ АВТОРА

Твен Марк [Mark Twain (1835-1910), псевдоним Самуэля Ланггорна Клеменса] - американский писатель. Из его еженедельных корреспонденций впоследствии составилась одна из его наиболее популярных книг "Простодушные за границей" (The innocents abroad, 1869). Твен скоро завоевал мировую известность.

Творчество Твена очень разнообразно. Он оставил более 25 томов произведений различнейших жанров, от легких скетчей и фельетонов до толстых исторических романов.

Почти такою же известностью, как книги о Томе и Гекке, пользуется и другой роман Твена для юношества - "Принц и нищий" (The prince and the pauper, 1881), задуманный сначала для развлечения его собственных детей; но здесь под веселым авантюрным сюжетом полусказочного характера отчетливо проступают политические тенденции Т. По своим убеждениям он - демократ, расценивающий историю и современность с позиций демократической американской конституции. Ему ненавистен монархический строй, сословная иерархия и аристократическое чванство, особенно ярко сохранившиеся в Англии. И хотя в романе "Принц и нищий" действие переносится в область отдаленного прошлого - в эпоху царствования Эдуарда VII, - но нетрудно увидеть в этой остроумной "наивной" книжке злую сатиру на государственную систему Англии. Еще более ярка сатира в фантастическом романе "Янки при дворе короля Артура" (Jankee at the Court of King Arthur, 1889), где прокламируются демократические принципы американской конституции.

Юмор Т. проявляется не столько в языке, в стилистических приемах, сколько в комических ситуациях. В этом отношении Т. отличается чрезвычайной изобретательностью. Пользуясь приемом преувеличения разных жизненных ситуаций, Т. пренебрегает такими обычными средствами рассмешить читателя, как остроты, каламбур.

Самого Т. не удовлетворяла деятельность не только юмориста, но даже и сатирика, особенно к концу жизни. Он пишет исторический роман "Жанна д’Арк" (Personal recollections of Joan of Arc, 1896). Роман почти лишен юмора и проникнут высоким пафосом утверждения героической личности Жанны д’Арк. Т. считал этот роман своим лучшим произведением, хотя по существу роман слаб. С его именем связано представление о неистощимом рассказчике-анекдотисте, авторе романов о Томе и Гекке, а подлинная, большая трагедия писателя спрятана под веселым смехом его насыщенных юмором произведений.


Twain Mark: книги автора

Life on the Mississippi M. Twain свободный доступ

THE Mississippi is well worth reading about. It is not a commonplace river, but on the contrary is in all ways remarkable. Considering the Missouri its main branch, it is the longest river in the world--four thousand three hundred miles. It seems...

Is Shakespeare Dead? M. Twain свободный доступ

SCATTERED here and there through the stacks of unpublished manuscript which constitute this formidable Autobiography and Diary of mine, certain chapters will in some distant future be found which deal with "Claimants"--claimants historically...

Innocents Abroad M. Twain свободный доступ

THIS book is a record of a pleasure trip. If it were a record of a solemn scientific expedition, it would have about it that gravity, that profundity, and that impressive incomprehensibility which are so proper to works of that kind, and withal so...

How to Tell a Story M. Twain свободный доступ

I do not claim that I can tell a story as it ought to be told. I only claim to know how a story ought to be told, for I have been almost daily in the company of the most expert storytellers for many years.

Encounter with an Interviewer M. Twain свободный доступ

Sam Clemens interviews Mark Twain" was an idea for a sketch that MT proposed in his journal near the end of his career. He never wrote that. But for a volume titled Lotos Leaves, edited by John Brougham and John Elderkin and issued in November,...

An Entertaining Article M. Twain свободный доступ

I take the following paragraph from an article in the Boston "Advertiser": AN ENGLISH CRITIC ON MARK TWAIN.--Perhaps the most successful flights of the humor of Mark Twain have been descriptions of the persons who did not appreciate his humor at...

Twain, Mark: Selected Obituaries M. Twain свободный доступ

It would be hard to frame four other words that could carry a message of personal bereavement to so many Americans. He was easily the chief of our writers, by the only valid test. He could touch the emotional centre of more lives than any other.

Tom Sawyer, Detective M. Twain свободный доступ

WELL, it was the next spring after me and Tom Sawyer set our old nigger Jim free, the time he was chained up for a runaway slave down there on Tom’s uncle Silas’s farm in Arkansaw. The frost was working out of the ground, and out of the air, too,...

1868 Toast To Woman M. Twain свободный доступ

This toast, delivered 11 January 1868 to a banquet room full of journalists, was one of MT's first great public successes in the east. Below is the text, as published in the paper the next day and widely reprinted across the country in the...

The Whittier Birthday Dinner Speech M. Twain свободный доступ

THIS is an occasion peculiarly meet for the digging up of pleasant reminiscences concerning literary folk; therefore I will drop lightly into history myself. Standing here on the shore of the Atlantic and contemplating certain of its largest...

The War Prayer M. Twain свободный доступ

To Dan Beard, who dropped in to see him, Clemens read the "War Prayer," stating that he had read it to his daughter Jean, and others, who had toldhim he must not print it, for it would be regarded as sacrilege.

The Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson M. Twain свободный доступ

A person who is ignorant of legal matters is always liable to make mistakes when he tries to photograph a court scene with his pen; and so I was not willing to let the law chapters in this book go to press without first subjecting them to rigid and...

A True Story, Repeated Word for Word as I Heard It M. Twain свободный доступ

It was summer time, & twilight. We were sitting on the porch of the farm-house, on the summit of the hill, & & "Aunt Rachel" was sit- ting respectfully below our level, on the steps,--for she was our servant, & colored. She was of mighty frame &...

The Story of the Good Little Boy M. Twain свободный доступ

ONCE there was a good little boy by the name of Jacob Blivens. He always obeyed his parents, no matter how absurd and unreasonable their demands were; and he always learned his book, and never was late at Sabbath school. He would not play hookey,...

The Story of a Speech M. Twain свободный доступ

By all accounts, including his own, the speech MT gave at the dinner for John Greenleaf Whittier was the most dramatic episode in his career on the dais. The date was 17 December 1877. The scene, Boston's Hotel Brunswick. The specific occasion, a...

The Siamese Twins M. Twain свободный доступ

I do not wish to write of the personal habits of these strange creatures solely, but also of certain curious details of various kinds concerning them, which, belonging only to their private life, have never crept into print. Knowing the Twins...

The Prince and the Pauper; a tale for young people of a... M. Twain свободный доступ

I will set down a tale as it was told to me by one who had it of his father, which latter had it of his father, this last having in like manner had it of his father- and so on, back and still back, three hundred years and more, the fathers...

The Mysterious Stranger M. Twain свободный доступ

IT WAS IN 1590--winter. Austria was far away from the world, and asleep; it was still the Middle Ages in Austria, and promised to remain so forever. Some even set it away back centuries upon centuries and said that by the mental and spiritual clock...

The Comedy of Those Extraordinary Twins M. Twain свободный доступ

A MAN who is not born with the novel writing gift has a troublesome time of it when he tries to build a novel. I know this from experience. He has no clear idea of his story; in fact he has no story. He merely has some people in his mind, and: an...

The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County M. Twain свободный доступ

MT jumped into national prominence on the basis of this tale about Jim Smiley and his frog, first published in a New York newspaper in November 1865 and quickly reprinted around the country. Though MT later discounted it as a "villainous backwoods...

The Babies M. Twain свободный доступ

Many times MT told his family and friends that he would stop "speechifying" and save the time and energy these performances cost him. Invariably he went back to the banquet scene for another dose of the elated sense of mastery that he gained...

The American Vandal Abroad M. Twain свободный доступ

I am to speak of the American Vandal this evening, but I wish to say in advance that I do not use this term in derision or apply it as a reproach, but I use it because it is convenient; and duly and properly modified, it best describes the roving,...

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer M. Twain свободный доступ

“TOM!”No answer.“TOM!”No answer.“What's gone with that boy, I wonder? You TOM!”No answer.The old lady pulled her spectacles down and looked over them about the room; then she put them up and looked out under them. She seldom or never looked through...

A New Crime: Legislation Needed M. Twain свободный доступ

THIS country, during the last thirty or forty years, has produced some of the most remarkable cases of insanity of which there is any mention in history. For instance, there was the Baldwin case, in Ohio, twenty-two years ago. Baldwin, from his...

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn M. Twain свободный доступ

You don't know about me without you have read a book by the name of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer; but that ain't no matter. That book was made by Mr. Mark Twain, and he told the truth, mainly. There was things which he stretched, but mainly he told...

The $30,000 Bequest and Other Stories M. Twain свободный доступ

Lakeside was a pleasant little town of five or six thousand inhabitants, and a rather pretty one, too, as towns go in the Far West. It had church accommodations for thirty-five thousand, which is the way of the Far West and the South, where...

Story of the Bad Little Boy M. Twain свободный доступ

ONCE there was a bad little boy whose name was Jim--though, if you will notice, you will find that bad little boys are nearly always called James in your Sunday-school books. It was strange, but still it was true that this one was called Jim.

Sociable Jimmy M. Twain свободный доступ

I had my supper in my room this evening (as usual), and they sent up a bright, simple, guileless little darky boy to wait on me--ten years old--a wide-eyed, observant little chap. I said: "What is your name, my boy?" 

Seventieth Birthday Speech M. Twain свободный доступ

"Now, ladies and gentlemen, and Colonel Harvey, I will try not to be greedy on your behalf in wishing the health of our honored and, in view of his great age, our revered guest. I will not say, 'Oh King, live forever!' but 'Oh King, live as long as...

Roughing It M. Twain свободный доступ

MY brother had just been appointed Secretary of Nevada Territory--an office of such majesty that it concentrated in itself the duties and dignities of Treasurer, Comptroller, Secretary of State, and Acting Governor in the Governor's absence. A...

Plymouth Rock and the Pilgrims M. Twain свободный доступ

To me this speech, besides being my favorite, is the best performance to look at to see what MT could and couldn't achieve morally as a humorist. It was delivered at the first annual dinner of Philadelphia's New England Society (the same kind of...

Our Fellow Savages of the Sandwich Islands M. Twain свободный доступ

The many versions of the Sandwich Islands lecture evolved from Mark Twain's four months' visit to Hawaii in 1866 and his twenty-five letters from there published in the Sacramento Union. Continually varying his delivery, he used the Islands as a...

Niagra M. Twain свободный доступ

NIAGARA FALLS is a most enjoyable place of resort. The hotels are excellent, and the prices not at all exorbitant. The opportunities for fishing are not surpassed in thecountry; in fact, they are not even equaled elsewhere. Because, in other...

My Watch : An Instructive Little Tale M. Twain свободный доступ

MY beautiful new watch had run eighteen months without losing or gaining, and without breaking any part of its machinery or stopping. I had come to believe it infallible in its judgments about the time of day, and to consider its constitution and...

A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court M. Twain свободный доступ

THE ungentle laws and customs touched upon in this tale are historical, and the episodes which are used to illustrate them are also historical. It is not pretended that these laws and customs existed in England in the sixth century; no, it is only...

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